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Andrew Kokanoutranon

Chapter 5 and 6 Study Guide
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Chapter 5 and 6 Study Guide

CH. 5
*Minoan civilization and the importance of its location-
The Minoan civilization had little to no written information of them. They were located in the eastern Mediterranean and had access to Egypt and Mesopotamia.

*Explain how Sparta's location was important.-
Sparta was located in an isolated spot, so it was isolated from the rest of Greece and they used that to their advantage.

*Trojan War- location
The Trojan War took place around 1250 BC, with the Mycenaean and Troy fighting against each other. The Mycenaean gave Troy a “Trojan horse” filled with people to open the gates of Troy so the army can enter.

*geography of Greece created?
The geography of Greece allowed itself to be open to the trading world. The spread of ideas and inventions moved quicker along because of its location near the ocean.

* post Persian Wars domination
After the Greeks annihilated the Persian Empire they conquered lands far into Asia and Egypt, leading to the creation of more city states in Greece.

*Peloponnesian War
The Peloponnesian War was against the Spartans and the Athens. The Spartans won the war, allying with the Persians, to capture Athens at a high death toll.

*Greek theater origins
The Greek drama evolved out of religious festivals and was often based on popular myth and legends. The Greeks also created tragedies and comedies.

*Alexander's achievements and empire
Alexander was a young emperor when he invaded Persia by 334 BC. Alexander captured India and parts of Egypt, which stretch over 2,000 miles.



*center of Hellenistic world
The Hellenistic world was centered on education. New schools were built to teach children about the arts, math, science, and philosophy.

*geographic characteristics of Greece
Greece was mountainous and had many valleys in-between the mountains and hills. They had a Mediterranean climate and many rivers following through the fertile land.

*oligarchy
Oligarchy is the power is given to the business class or the elite class.

*democracy
Democracy is a government ran by the people instead of having one ruler. The Athens used this type of government during Solon’s reform.

*Spartan childhoods
The Spartan boys were born to fight and the girls were needed to be kept healthy to reproduce healthy boys when they mature.

*Athens' golden age
The golden age occurred after the Persian war in Athens. The economy thrived and the government became more democratic.

*Aristotle's meritocracy
Aristotle's meritocracy is an elite group of people who achieved their positions on the basis of ability and accomplishments.

*Greek values
The Greek ideas about law, freedom, justice, and government have influenced political thinking to the present day.

CH 6
*Augustus

*Julius Caesar
Caesar was one of the greatest conquerors ever; he conquered much of the Asian Minor and Numidia during his reign of power. Caesar was murdered on March 15, 44BC by e nemies in the government that plotted against his ideas.

*Hannibal
Hannibal was a general of the Carthage Empire. He fought in the second Punic war against the Romans and lost, and then he was captured and killed.
*Jesus
Jesus was a Jewish man who founded Christianity and was killed by the Romans because of his beliefs.

*Paul
Paul was a Jew from Asia Minor, who began to spread the word of Christianity. He never met Jesus in his life.

*Odoacer
Odoacer was a Germanic leader that ousted the emperor in Rome. He later took over much of the Roman land in the eastern side.

*Ptolemy
Ptolemy was an astronomer – mathematician, who purposed his theory that the Earth was the center of the universe.

*Virgil
Virgil was a poet, who wrote the epic poem the Aeneid to remind his fellow Romans of their great heritage.

*martyr
Martyrs are people who were tortured and killed for their beliefs. Nero was an emperor t hat killed many people during his reign because of their beliefs in different religions.

*mercenary
Mercenaries were people that were foreign soldiers serving for pay. The Romans hired mercenaries when they neared their downfall.

*messiah
The Jews believed that a Messiah, or a savoir sent from God, will come down to Earth and lead them to freedom.

*patrician
The Roman government consisted of 300 senators who were patricians, or members of the land holding upper class.

*plebian
Plebeians were the farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up the bulk of the population in Rome.

*aqueduct
Roman engineers built many immense aqueducts, or bridge like stone structures that brought water from the hills into Roman cities.

*heresy
The Christian Crunch sent missionaries into the Roman Empire to battle heresies, or beliefs said to be contrary to official Church teachings.



*legion
The Roman army was divided into legions that were made up of 5,000 citizens, who weren’t paid.

*republic
The Romans set up a new government in the early 500 BC and called it the republic, which means “thing of the people.”

*sect
At first Christianity remained a sect or a small group, within Judaism; until Paul spread the word among the Roman citizens.