History Standards 10.1
10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles in ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, in Judaism, and in Christianity
to the development of Western political thought.
The morals and ethical principles in Greek/Roman and Judaism/Christianity shaped Western political thoughts in many ways.
In the Grecian days, city-states such as Athens and Rome practiced a democracy. They invented the democracy because they thought
it was the “perfect” system. Democracy is still used today in the U.S government. The basis of the laws from both
the Grecian and Judaism/Christianity are still used, such as the 10 Commandments and the Divine Rights of Kings.
1. Analyze the similarities and differences in Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman views of law, reason and faith, and duties
of the individual.
Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman views of life are very similar but yet have many differences. Judeo-Christians were plentiful
during the Middle Ages; they ranged from the Monarchs to the peasants. The Monarchs ruled by the word of God, unlike the Greco-Romans,
who ruled by the power of the Emperor. Their laws were similar in the case of power to the people. Both their reasons were
similar, they wanted to conquer land and convert people into their own beliefs. The Greeks believed in many gods and the Judeo-Christians
believed in one God. Greco-Roman citizens were born to fight in war, and in the Judeo-Christian period, each person was in
a ladder system -from peasant to monarch- they all have a part in society.
2. Trace the development of the Western political ideas of the rule of law and illegitimacy of tyranny, using selections from
Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Politics.
Plato and Aristotle’s ideas and beliefs of democracy were very similar. They were suspicious of the Athenian democracy
at the time. They both believed that a single strong and virtuous ruler would be the best choice in running a government.
Plato and Aristotle both believed that the state should regulate almost all of the aspects of its citizens’ lives in
order to provide for their best interest. If things had gone both Plato’s and Aristotle’s way, the western political
system would be quite different form what it is day; because they both disagreed to democracy and favored a monarchy.
3. Consider the influence of the U.S. Constitution on political systems in the contemporary world.
The U.S Constitution influenced the political systems on the modern world in many ways. The Constitution is a good example
for developing nations to follow. It contains many basic ideas from the Grecian times, which includes the fundamental laws
and system of democracy. The U.S. government is rooted from the Athenian democracy, many similar ideas are found in both.
Nations in he modern world following the U.S government may become strong and powerful because of the effectiveness of the
10.2 Students compare and contrast the Glorious Revolution of England, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution
and their enduring effects worldwide on the political expectations for self-government and individual liberty.
The Glorious Revolution of England, American Revolution, and French Revolution all had rebels that wanted their own kind
of government and freedom. The Revolution of England was an overthrow of a king. The American Revolution was an attempt of
rebels in the South trying to separate from the North. The French Revolution was an overthrow of a monarchy into a new system
of democracy. All the rebellions lead to a better government system. The Revolution of England and France were an overthrow
of Kings and Monarchs instead of a civil war.
2. List the principles of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights (1689), the American Declaration of Independence (1776),
the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789), and the U.S. Bill of Rights (1791).
The Magna Carta states that the English Monarchs cannot have absolute power and it gives the Monarchs a limit of power. The
English Bill of Rights states certain rights that citizens of a free democratic society should have under the laws of that
particular society. The American Declaration of Independence is a document that declares the thirteen colonies independent
from the British. The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen is a set of individual rights and collective
rights of the people that was adopted after the French Revolution. The U.S. Bill of Rights is another name for the first ten
amendments of the United States.