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Andrew Kokanoutranon

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Standards 10.1

History Standards 10.1

10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles in ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, in Judaism, and in Christianity to the development of Western political thought.

The morals and ethical principles in Greek/Roman and Judaism/Christianity shaped Western political thoughts in many ways. In the Grecian days, city-states such as Athens and Rome practiced a democracy. They invented the democracy because they thought it was the “perfect” system. Democracy is still used today in the U.S government. The basis of the laws from both the Grecian and Judaism/Christianity are still used, such as the 10 Commandments and the Divine Rights of Kings.

1. Analyze the similarities and differences in Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman views of law, reason and faith, and duties of the individual.

Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman views of life are very similar but yet have many differences. Judeo-Christians were plentiful during the Middle Ages; they ranged from the Monarchs to the peasants. The Monarchs ruled by the word of God, unlike the Greco-Romans, who ruled by the power of the Emperor. Their laws were similar in the case of power to the people. Both their reasons were similar, they wanted to conquer land and convert people into their own beliefs. The Greeks believed in many gods and the Judeo-Christians believed in one God. Greco-Roman citizens were born to fight in war, and in the Judeo-Christian period, each person was in a ladder system -from peasant to monarch- they all have a part in society.

2. Trace the development of the Western political ideas of the rule of law and illegitimacy of tyranny, using selections from Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Politics.

Plato and Aristotle’s ideas and beliefs of democracy were very similar. They were suspicious of the Athenian democracy at the time. They both believed that a single strong and virtuous ruler would be the best choice in running a government. Plato and Aristotle both believed that the state should regulate almost all of the aspects of its citizens’ lives in order to provide for their best interest. If things had gone both Plato’s and Aristotle’s way, the western political system would be quite different form what it is day; because they both disagreed to democracy and favored a monarchy.

3. Consider the influence of the U.S. Constitution on political systems in the contemporary world.

The U.S Constitution influenced the political systems on the modern world in many ways. The Constitution is a good example for developing nations to follow. It contains many basic ideas from the Grecian times, which includes the fundamental laws and system of democracy. The U.S. government is rooted from the Athenian democracy, many similar ideas are found in both. Nations in he modern world following the U.S government may become strong and powerful because of the effectiveness of the democracy.

10.2 Students compare and contrast the Glorious Revolution of England, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution and their enduring effects worldwide on the political expectations for self-government and individual liberty.

The Glorious Revolution of England, American Revolution, and French Revolution all had rebels that wanted their own kind of government and freedom. The Revolution of England was an overthrow of a king. The American Revolution was an attempt of rebels in the South trying to separate from the North. The French Revolution was an overthrow of a monarchy into a new system of democracy. All the rebellions lead to a better government system. The Revolution of England and France were an overthrow of Kings and Monarchs instead of a civil war.

2. List the principles of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights (1689), the American Declaration of Independence (1776), the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789), and the U.S. Bill of Rights (1791).

The Magna Carta states that the English Monarchs cannot have absolute power and it gives the Monarchs a limit of power. The English Bill of Rights states certain rights that citizens of a free democratic society should have under the laws of that particular society. The American Declaration of Independence is a document that declares the thirteen colonies independent from the British. The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen is a set of individual rights and collective rights of the people that was adopted after the French Revolution. The U.S. Bill of Rights is another name for the first ten amendments of the United States.

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