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Andrew Kokanoutranon

Chapter 28 Study Guide - Russian Revolution
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CH. 28
Soviet – Soviets were councils of workers and soldiers. At first, the soviets worked democratically within the government, but were later turned into a dictatorship.

Command economy – The Soviet Union developed a command economy, in which government officials made all basic economic decisions. This occurred during Stain’s five year plan.

Collective – Stalin forced peasants to give up their private plots and live on either state-owned farms or on collectives, which were large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group.

Kulak – Stalin sought to destroy the kulaks, or wealthy peasants. The government confiscated kulaks’ land and sent them to labor camps.

Totalitarian state – Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. In this form of government, a one-party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens.

Socialist realism – Stalin forced artist and writers to conform to a style called social realism. Its goal was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive life.

Lenin – Ilyich Ulyanov was a revolutionist who changed Russia into a dictatorship government. He called for an elite group to lead the revolution and set up a “dictatorship of the proletariat.”

Osip Mandelstam – A Jewish poet, who was imprisoned, tortured, and exiled for composing a satirical verse about Stalin.

Nicholas II – Nicholas II was the Russian czar during WWI and he had failed to solve Russia’s basic problems. He was later overthrown and was replaced with a Communist nation.

Gregory Rasputin – An illiterate Siberian peasant, who claimed to be holy. He gave advice to the czarina, Alexandra, and he corrupted the Russian government; everybody but the czarina saw his evil.

Joseph Stalin – Gained power in 1924 after the death of Lenin. In the 1920s, he became the general secretary of the Bolshevik party and put his people in top spots to isolate Trotsky.

Stalin's 5 Year Plan – Stalin wanted Russia to become an industrial power. He aimed at building heavy industry, improving transportation, and increasing farm output to achieve staggering economic heights.

Socialist realism – Stalin forced artists and writers to conform to a style called socialist realism. Its goal was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive view.
Totalitarian state – A one party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspects of the lives of its citizens.

Anna Akhmatova – One of Russia’s greatest poets, fell out of favor because her poetry did not stress communist ideas.

V.I. Lenin - Ilyich Ulyanov was a revolutionist who changed Russia into a dictatorship government. He called for an elite group to lead the revolution and set up a “dictatorship of the proletariat.”

Mikhail Sholokhov – The author of And Quiet Flows the Don, his book passed the censorship law and he later won a Nobel Prize for literature.

Joseph Stalin - Gained power in 1924 after the death of Lenin. In the 1920s, he became the general secretary of the Bolshevik party and put his people in top spots to isolate Trotsky.

Leon Trotsky – A brilliant Marxist thinker and an architect of the Bolshevik Revolution. He was a contender for the leadership of Russia.

Socialist revolution – Soviets worked in the government but later turned into the Bolsheviks and took total charge of the government.

Bolshevik Revolution – The Bolsheviks were a radical group that worked to take control of the government and the czars, changing it into a communist government.

Lenin's New Economic Policy – NEP, or New Economic Policy, allowed some capitalist ventures. While the state kept control of banks, foreign trade, and large industries, small businesses were allowed to reopen for profit after being shutdown due to “war communism.”

Stalin - Gained power in 1924 after the death of Lenin. In the 1920s, he became the general secretary of the Bolshevik party and put his people in top spots to isolate Trotsky.

Stalin's 5 Year Plan – Stalin wanted Russia to become an industrial power. He aimed at building heavy industry, improving transportation, and increasing farm output to achieve staggering economic heights.

The arts under Stalin –Stalin forced artists and writers to conform to a style called socialist realism. Its goal was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive view.

List three causes of the 1917 revolution in Russia - The revolution of 1917 was due to the disasters on the battlefield, immense lack of food, and shortages of fuels.

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