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Andrew Kokanoutranon

Chapter 31 Study Guide - WWII
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Chapter 31 Study Guide

Appeasement – The western democracies denounced Hitler’s moves and adopted a policy of appeasement, giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace.

Blitzkrieg – In September 1939, Nazi forces stormed into Poland, revealing the enormous powers of Hitler’s blitzkrieg, or “lighting war.” The raids targeted factories, towns, and cities.

Cold war –An ideological war between the U.S. and the USSR, the U.S. wanted to spread democracy to the world and the USSR wanted to spread communism.

Collaborator – People who were helping the Nazis hunt down the Jews or, like the Vichy government in France, shipping tens of thousands of Jews to their deaths were called collaborators

Containment – The Truman Doctrine was rooted in the idea of containment, limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet control.

Genocide – An elimination of a certain race or group, the Jews were targeted in Nazi Germany and were sent to concentration camps.

Kamikaze – To save their homeland, young Japanese became kamikaze pilots, who undertook suicide missions, crashing their planes with loaded explosives into American warships.

Pacifism – The Great Depression pushed for the side spread of pacifism, or opposition to all war, and disgust with the last war pushed government to seek peace at any price.

Winston Churchill – The British prime minister during WWII, he watch the Nazi threat get out of hand and turn to war.

Francisco Franco – In 1936, a right-wing general, Francisco France, led a revolt that touched off a bloody civil war.

Dwight Eisenhower – General Eisenhower was made the supreme Allied commander and he planned out the invasion of France.

Haile Selassie – The Emperor of Ethiopia who defended off the Italians after their attempt to invade and take command of Ethiopia

Harry Truman – He took over for president after the death of FDR and made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan.

Dunkirk – The British forces were able to rescue retreating allied troops and ferry them back to Britain from the beaches of Dunkirk and Ostend.

El Alamein – In Egypt, the British under General Bernard Montgomery finally stopped Rommel’s advance during the long, fierce Battle of El Alamein.

Guernica – To Nazi leaders, the attack on Guernica, a Spanish market town, was an “experiment” to see what their new planes could do.

Hiroshima – On August 6, 1945, an American plane dropped an atomic bomb on the midsized city of Hiroshima to end WWII.

Nagasaki - On August 6, 1945, an American plane dropped an atomic bomb on the midsized city of Hiroshima to end WWII.

Pearl Harbor – General Tojo ordered a surprise attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor. On Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese planes struck and destroyed 19 ships.

Operation Barbarossa – In June 1941, Hitler embarked on Operation Barbarossa – the conquest of the Soviet Union to gain more “living space” for Germany.

D-Day – The invasion of France by Allied troops, about 176,000 Allied troops were ferried across the English channel onto German territory.

Battle of Midway – The Allies won the first of many victories at the Battle of Midway, a Japanese island which served as an air strip.

Holocaust – Hitler and his supporters had devised plans for the “final solution of the Jewish problem” – the genocide, or deliberate destruction, of all European Jews.

Cold War rivals (which nations) - An ideological war between the U.S. and the USSR, the U.S. wanted to spread democracy to the world and the USSR wanted to spread communism.

Francisco Franco – In 1936, a right-wing general, Francisco France, led a revolt that touched off a bloody civil war.

Benito Mussolini – He was the Italian dictator who allied with Germany and Japan in hopes for an easy victory over the French.

Adolph Hitler – He was the German dictator who called for the invasion of all of Europe and the extermination of the Jews.

Tojo Hideki- General of Japan’s army wanted to conquer all of Asia for Japan. He called for the attack on Preal harbor and went to war with the United States.

Neville Chamberlin – The British prime minister who opposed another who with Germany and called for an appeasement.

Franklin Roosevelt – President who declared war on the Axis forces and served 3 terms before his sudden death.

Stalingrad – German troops surrounded the city of Stalingrad in hopes to capture it but were unsuccessful and were defeated by Russian troops.

Explain 2 reasons why the US used the atomic bomb against Japan. – Truman was convinced that Japan would not surrender without an invasion and tensions between the U.S. and Russia influenced the attack.

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